Selasa, 26 Juli 2011

China Steps Up Monitoring Web, Driving Many Users Away Wi-Fi

Beijing - The new rules, which require bars, restaurants, hotels and libraries to install costly web tracking software will encourage many companies to cut Internet and sending a shudder through the capital of the game-play, web-grazing of writers who expect Wi-Fi to their Lattes and green tea.

The software, which costs companies about $ 3100, to give law enforcement officials the identity registration wireless service restaurant, a cafe, or a private school and monitor their web activity. Those who do not care about the regulation and aims to provide a $ 2,300 fine and smoothly whether to revoke the license.

"From the point of view of ordinary people, this policy is unfair," said Wang Bo, the owner of a coffee infusion which has pancakes, waffles, and the company of a number of cats dozing. "It 'just an attempt to control the flow of information."

It is unclear whether the new measures or implement strictly the first area in downtown Beijing, where they are already in place. But suggest that law enforcement officials, nervous about the turmoil in the Middle East and North Africa, partly enabled by the Internet, is fearless in their efforts to increase surveillance.

China has some of the world's most comprehensive online restrictions. Last year, the government has blocked more than a million websites, many of them pornographic, but also Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and avoid. Recent rules make it difficult for individuals not related to a business to create personal websites.

When it comes to search engines and microblogging, is dictated by the central government's propaganda department of topics and filter out words that the Communist Party considers a threat to national stability, or its reputation. In public Internet cafes, where most of the Chinese working class can access the Internet, customers will be given ID was before getting on the computer.

The new measures, it seems, is designed to close a loophole in the "Internet governance" as it is called, that which allowed for the laptop and students iPad land and expatriates, as well as hip and underemployed, to spend their days in cafes and lounges, surf the Internet in relative anonymity. This demographic group has been at the forefront of microblogging Juggernaut, which has revolutionized the way the exchange information in a way that Chinese sometimes intimidate officials.

"To be honest, I can not access the Internet at home or at work, but it is nice to sit in a comfortable and surf the Web," said Wang Fang, 28, an advertising sales agent often perform work of Kubrick leather chairs, high ceilings, coffee cleverly designed to disconnect the router earlier this month instead of paying for software. "If there is no Internet, there is no reason to come here." The manager said the loss of Wi-Fi has already led to a 30 percent drop in business.

Dongcheng Public Security Bureau did not respond to requests for comment Monday, but according to the circular of the public, the measure was designed to prevent criminals, who use the Internet "to make the transport of goods extortion, Gamble, and to spread damaging information the spread of computer viruses. " This malicious activity, the notice says, "not only harms the interests of the country and the masses, but also caused some companies to suffer financial losses."

Program Maker, Shanghai Rain-Soft Software, refused to discuss the operation of the product, but an employee of the company, said it had already been handed over to law enforcement officials in Beijing. Soft Rain in Shanghai has been paid about $ 310,000 to design a program based on the government Web site announced that the winning bid.

The bookstore owner said the store had been disconnected and free Wi-Fi, not for monetary reasons. "I refuse to be part of an Orwellian surveillance system that forces my customers to reveal their identity to a government that wants to control how they use the Internet," said the woman, who feared that the disclosure of name or the name of his shop to draw unwanted attention by the authorities.

During the survey of more than a dozen companies on Monday, nobody was willing to buy the software, which is designed to handle 100 users at a time. For many it was a matter of economics. "It might make sense in places like Starbucks and McDonald's, but we only have a couple of users at a time," Heng said Ray, owner of Sand Pebbles Lounge, a Mexican restaurant.

Like many other business owners, said he hoped fervently that the officer of the new regulations would soon disappear. In fact, he said he had no immediate plans to stop offering its customers Wi-Fi. "We have no problem allowing customers to surf the Internet, the government is not," he said. "If you want to install the software, you must pay the bill."

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